Explaining Middle East Participation in the Convention Against Torture

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Derek Hoot


The study of international regimes has largely concentrated on two central questions: 1. Why do states sign and ratify international regimes?; and 2. Do states comply with international regimes? These questions are deeply intertwined, as lack of compliance signals either state helplessness or ulterior motives for ratification behavior. In this paper, I will focus on those ulterior motives, mainly aid-seeking behavior and the desire for trade benefits. This paper seeks to demonstrate the relationship between Middle Eastern states' participation in the Convention Against Torture (CAT) and the acquisition of economic benefits. Additionally, it examines the significance of conflict in determining ratification behavior.

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