Analysis of Social Needs and Chronic Conditions of the Uninsured Utilizing a Free Clinic

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Anuoluwapo Osideko


The number of medically uninsured people in the United States
rose from 46 million in 2008 to 50.7 million in 2009. This population
cannot access medical care partially due to the decrease in
employment-based health insurance and constant increase in
health care cost. Free health clinics job is to ensure access to
health care by providing care for underserved populations, and
ultimately to lower the racial gap health disparities. The purpose
of this research is to analyze the demographic characteristics
and medical needs of the uninsured through self-diagnosis while
using a free clinic. Data were collected from a sample of 2,000
low income, uninsured residents of Champaign County.
Secondary data will be analyzed using descriptive and inferential
statistics. Results indicate that there is a positive association
between self-diagnosis and treatment. Measuring the effectiveness
of self-diagnosis contributes to the larger body of research
by determining if the perceived needs of those utilizing
free clinics are being met. If preventative care is improved
through self-diagnosis and treatment, this subsequently saves
money by reducing emergency room visits.

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